Murayama-oshima tsumugi silk

Murayama-oshima tsumugi silk Murayama oshima tsumugi

The plain folk craft-style texture created by the slightly blurred Kasuri patterns.
The luster of the spun dupioni silk threads and the nobility of the precise Kasuri patterns.


What is Murayama-oshima tsumugi silk ?

Murayama Oshima Tsumugi is a textile produced in the region surrounding Musashi Murayama City, Tokyo Prefecture. Murayama Oshima Tsumugi is a silk textile with the Tateyoko Kasuri (Kasuri patterns woven with both the warp and the weft) patterns. It is woven with the hand-spun threads pulled from dupioni silk. Murayama Kon Gasuri, which is a cotton textile featuring Shoai Zome (dyeing by the naturally fermented indigo dye), and the Sunagawa Futo-ori, which is a silk textile, were combined and developed into Murayama Oshima Tsumugi. The textile is similar to Oshima Tsumugi, which takes its name from Amami Oshima where it is produced.
The characteristics of Murayama Oshima Tsumugi are that it uses the Itajime Senshoku method using the Kasuri Ita (wooden boards) and that it has the fine Tateyoko Kasuri patterns. The Itajime Senshoku method is a method of dyeing using the Kasuri Ita that have grooves carved along the design. The threads are set between the Kasuri Ita and fastened with bolts. The dye liquid is poured over the threads between the wooden boards and the dye goes in the grooves that are carved in the boards. The part of the threads in the grooves is dyed while the rest remains white. If multiple colors are used, the Surikomi Nassen (rub and print dye) method is used to layer the colors. The Kasuri threads that are dyed are sorted according to the design layout and are woven. Murayama Oshima Tsumugi is woven with these processes so that it has both the plain folk craft-style Kasuri patterns, which are slightly blurred, and the luster of the silk. The charm of Murayama Oshima Tsumugi is its lightness and the pleasant feel of the textile on the skin when


Murayama Oshima Tsumugi is produced in the mountain region of Sayama Kyuryo Nanroku. It is said that the naturalized Japanese from the continent started the textile production in this region in the Nara period (710 – 794). The cotton textile with the striped pattern has been produced since the latter half of the 1600’s and the cotton textile with the Kasuri pattern was first produced at the beginning of 1800 and was referred to as Murayama Kasuri. Murayam Kasuri was developed more in the Edo period (1603 – 1868). In the Meiji period (1868 – 1912), the silk textile that was referred to as Sunagawa Futo-ori was produced. The Itajime Senshoku using the Kasuri Ita and the Tatemaki techniques were brought back from Isezaki, Gunma Prefecture in 1919. The region surrounding Isezaki was known as the most advanced textile production area at that time. Murayama Oshima Tsumugi was produced using the techniques of the Murayama Kon Gasuri and the Sunagawa Futo-ori. Murayama Oshima Tsumugi became popular as daily wear and there was great demand for the textile during the period of high economic growth. However, production declined after that. Murayama Oshima Tsumugi was designated as one of the Tokyo Metropolitan intangible folk cultural properties in 1967 and was also designated as a traditional craft so the traditional techniques can be handed down to posterity.

General Production Process

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